Dharmapala Thangka CentreTibetan Antiques

Three Stupa Tsa Tsa [3]

Filled Gomang Stupa

Sealed cavity filled with Mantra papers on back

Not for Sale

At almost 10 cm or 4 inches in diameter, this relatively large and very old Tsa Tsa is rich in symbolism. The large central Gomang stupa shown here is flanked on the right and left by two other smaller Gomang stupas. All three rest on a base of lotus petals. The two smaller ones are connected to the central stupa by stems of the lotus plant between their bases. Two lotus plants grow from them, each with a lotus flower at the end. The top is crowned by a protective umbrella. To the right and left of this are decorative garlands. In the innermost circle around the three stupas, some remnants of the original gilding can be seen on the left.

Surrounded by a beaded band, this repeated inscription can be seen around the edge. ra-saThe characters were written in the Tibetan Uchen script. It is unusual, but not uncommon, for a Sanskrit text to be written in Tibetan characters rather than the corresponding Sanskrit script [Devanagari]. However, the language is not Tibetan, but ancient Indian Sanskrit. The text reads »sanadharas sanadharas ras«. The translation of the surrounding inscription is complicated by the fact that the Sanskrit text deviates from the classical linguistic form of that language.

It is possible that »sanadharas sanadharas ras« means »Bearer of the jewel« [The wisdom of equality that inspires compassion for all living beings]. This term is a stupa consecration text within the Dharmakaya relic mantras. This would make sense in the context of the stupa depicted in the centre, but is by no means certain.

There is one notable speciality that is only found in a few Tsa Tsas today: It's a round sealed cavity on the back which is probably still filled with mantras written on paper. A few Tibetan characters are [barely] visible on the surface of the seal.

The Gomang Stupa was built on the occasion of Buddha's first teachings. After his enlightenment, the Buddha went to Sarnath and gave his first teachings on the Four Noble Truths in Gazelle Park. This was the first time he set the Wheel of Teaching [Dharma] in motion. Today, the Wheel of Teaching, flanked by two gazelles, can be found above the entrance gate of almost all Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.

Additional Explanation

More Informationen regarding Stupas

Measurements: 3.6 x 3.7 x 0.6" | 9.2 x 9.4 x 1.4 cm
Material: Painted burned Clay
Age: 11th - 12th cent.
Weight: 0.4 pounds | 168 Gramm
High resolution: Display [0.8 MB, 2059 x 2853 px.]