Dhyani Buddha Amitabha
Tib.: ´Od.dpag.med

Amithâbha
[Fourth Dhyani-Buddha], [Buddha of Infinite Light]
Mudra [posture]: dhyana [meditation], Symbol: patra [begging-bowl], Vahana [vehicle]: peacock, Color: red, Sakti [consort]: Pandara, Element: fire, Boddhisattva: padmani [avalokitesvara]
Vija mantra [seed syllable]: hrih

Amitabha is the forth Dhyani-Buddha and the ethereal form of Sakya-muni. It is claimed by the Northern Buddhists that Gautama Buddha, before entering into Nirvana, transmitted to Sariputra [one of his favorite disciple] the dogma of the western paradise [Sukhavati] over which presides Amitabha, Buddha of Boundless light, immortal, and bestowing immortality on the people of his paradise.

Representation of Amitabha is seated with legs closely locked [lotus posture]. His hands lie on his lap, in dhyana [meditation] mudra, with a patra [begging- bowl].

It is found that the worship, nevertheless, of Amitabha may be traced as far back as the teacher of Nagarjuna, while later Vasubandhu put his faith in Amitabha and his western paradise. Northern Buddhists claim that there existed in Asia, an active Amitabha cult, the fundamental sutra of Amitabha doctrine [Sukhavati vyuha] that later was translated into various language. It is to the fact that the scriptures of Buddhism, where four paradises are described, the highest is called the 'Land of Endless Light', and that all the chief features of Western paradise of Amitabha of Infinite Light are to be found in these scriptures.

The description of the joys and wonders of Sukhavati, the Western paradise of Amitabha, has been described in various Buddhist writings. One finds, however, in Buddhist writings, reference to the inmates of the Western Paradise as sexless. In Saddharma pundarika [Lotus of the good Law] it is written that women are debarred from Amitabha's paradise, but by acts of merit may attain masculinity in the next world, and thus be eligible to the joys of Shukhavati. Thirty fifth vow of Amitabha, according to the Aparamitayush-sutra, is as follows: " If I become Buddha, all women in innumerable other Buddhist countries shall hear my name and be filled with joy and gladness and dislike their womanhood, desiring enlightenment. If they again resume the feminine form after death and remain unsaved, I will not receive Budhahood.

Amitabha has given red body color, as this color is believed to emanate from him also among the six elements of which man is composed, the element of fire is believed to emanate from Amitabha. He is purified aspect of our aggregate of perception/taste.


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