Dharmapala Thangka CentreSchool of Thangka Painting

5.41 Yamantaka [1]

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Yamantaka is one of the most important of all Gelukpa archetype deities, representing the adamantine wisdom of ultimate reality in triumph over evil, suffering, and death. This painting is one of the earliest tangkas known of this figure. He is the terrific form of the Bodhisattva Manjushri, whose benign princely head appears in gold color with crown and earrings at the top of Yamantaka's Stack of heads. In order to conquer Death, the compassionate Bodhisattva assumes the buffalo-headed form of Yamataka, Lord of Death. With his other eight faces, sixteen legs, and thirty arms, he expresses the many facets of his inconceivable enlightenment, and manifests a power far greater than Yama. Thus over-whelming Yama, he stops his Icilling acti-vity and becomes the Terminator of Death [yamantaka]. This archetype deity was highly signifkant in the life of Tsong Khapa [who was believed to be an incarnation of Manjushri]. It thus became especially favored by the Geluk Order.

In Tibetan Buddhist practice there are three main forms of Yamantaka. the red Yamantaka, Raktayamari; the black Yamantaka, Krishnayamari; and the Vajrabhairava Yamantaka, the Diamond Terrifier. Of these three, the multicolored Diamond Terrifier form, in this and the next two images, is by far the best known. Bhairava forms are awesome, terrifying figures from Hinduism, and the vajra is the Symbol of ultimate reality manifesting äs compassion. So the Vajrabhairava Stands up in selfless ultimate reality, where the powers of the Bhairava forms are magnified unimaginably, so äs to move the viewer through terror to transcendence.

In this most powerful manifestation he holds his pale blue consort, Vajravetali, the Diamond Zombie, in the blissful union that symbolizes the union of compassion and wisdorn. They are encircled by a potent ring of flames shaded from light yellow to orange to red, and edged in gold lines.

Beneath their feet are skillfully portrayed figures of humans and animals.

Yamantaka ist eine der bedeutendsten archetypischen Gottheiten der Gelugpas und repräsentiert die Diamantene Weisheit der höchsten Realität im Triumph über Übel, Leiden und Tod. Er ist die schreckenerregende Form des Bodhisattva Manjushri, dessen gütiger, fürstlicher Kopf in goldener Farbe mit Krone und Ohrringen auf der Pyramide von Yamantakas Köpfen erscheint. Um den Tod zu besiegen, nimmt der mitleidsvolle Bodhisattva die büffelköpfige Gestalt von Yamataka, dem Herrn des Todes, an. Mit seinen acht Gesichtern, den 16 Beinen und 30 Armen verdeutlicht er die mannigfaltigen Facetten seiner unfaßbaren Erleuchtung und offenbart eine wesentlich größere Macht als Yama. So überwältigt er Yama, setzt dessen Töten ein Ende und wird zum Überwinder des Todes [yamantaka]. Diese archetypische Gottheit spielte eine herausragende Rolle im Leben des Tsongkhapa [der als Inkarnation des Manjushri angesehen wurde]. Daher verehrt man sie besonders in der Gelug-Schule.

Source: Published in "Wisdom and compassion - The sacred art of Tibet from Marylin M. Rhie and Robert A. F. Thurman in association with Harry N. Abrahams, Inc., Publisher", Page 283/285.

Additional explanation ...

Measurements: 25.2 x 39 " | 64 x 99 cm
Price: on request
Shipment: Parcel Service from Germany or Nepal
Farbe: Color Version
Material: Natural Stone Colors
Download: High resolution [1.2 MB, 1772 x 2497 px.]