The One Hundred Peaceful and Wrathful Deities of the Bardo [the period between death and rebirth] are an extremely popular theme in Tibetan art. This thangka depicts the Fifty-Eight Wrathful Deities of the Bardo.
Against a rudimentary landscape appear numerous deities that are related to the transmigratory visions in the Bardo ["Between-State"] - the period between death and rebirth. These visions appear from the consciousness, according to the teaching of the Bardo Thodrol, the Book That Liberates when Heard in the Bardo, popularly known in the West as "The Tibetan Book of the Dead".
The dark, reddish brown winged central figure is Chemchok Heruka [Skt. Mahottara Heruka, Tib. ཆེ་མཆོག་, ཆེ་མཆོག་ཧེ་རུ་ཀ་] is the main deity in the mandala of the 58 terrible deities [aspects of Samantabhadra]. He has three faces, six arms, and four legs, and embraces his bright blue consort Namshyalma [tib. གནམ་ཞལ་མ་, Wyl. gnam zhal ma] in sexual union. He is the wrathful form of Samantabhadra, the primordial Buddha whose peaceful yab yum [father - mother] form appears in a small circle above his head.
Around the central figure are five other Heruka Buddhas, each associated with one of the Five Buddha Families. They are wrathful deities embracing their consorts. There also are eight Kerimas [female deities that appear in the Bardo] in human form, four animal headed protectors, and eight animal headed Dakini goddesses. Dakini are "skywalkers"; they are powerful females, usually divine and usually enlightened, with mundane counterparts.
In the lower right corner Rahul, the god of planets is depicted. Rahul is one of many deities who entered the Buddhist pantheon of Tibet and Mongolia from tantric Hinduism, and whose nature is wild and paradoxical. As ruler of all the greater und lesser planets, he holds a particularly important place in the pantheon of the Tibetan Buddhism, and is generally viewed as a protector of the faith. But he also is a dangerous figure, the bearer of illness and the swallower of the sun and moon during eclipses.
Rahul has a snake's body with a large, gaping mouth in his belly, which emits an effuvium of illness. His torso and four arms are covered with eyes [one thousand is the number given in texts]. His nine stacked horrible heads are crowned with flaming hair and the head of a raven, who guards religious teachings and whose shadow was believed to cause apoplexy. Rahul leans back to draw his bow to shoot an arrow into the heart of anyone who breaks their religious vows.
The painting belongs to the Korean Hahn collection and it is published in "Art of Thangka - Vol. 4, no. 11, page 35
|Measurements:||15.7 x 22.4" | 40 x 57 cm|
|Shipment:||Parcel Service from Germany or Nepal|
|Material:||Natural Stone Colors|